Humanism refers to the capacity of man to progress and to flourish through knowledge. However, in today’s societies, there are so many factors and stereotypes between humans that one really wonders who we are. Racism, sexism and communitarianism are ideologies that are embedded on society.
As Rousseau stated in his Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality among Men, unlike animals, humans have no innate natural instinct. Nevertheless, he is not destitute of any quality since he possesses the ability to make use of his reason. From this point of view, the human is not of a determinate nature, but can develop in an infinite variety of ways. The stakes are therefore great since after observing many evils of society, it is clear that humans tend to compete, wage war among themselves and destroy themselves like a pack of wolves. We can refer to the atrocities of the ku klux klan, to the many police blunders against blacks in the United States, to Nazism or to numerous attacks to know that human beings surpass their own principles by committing atrocities towards their relatives.
Otherwise, according to Wikipedia, Sexism is an ideology based on adherence to discriminatory beliefs based on gender. It relies in part on gender stereotypes, that is, beliefs about characteristics commonly associated with women and men. Sexism therefore refers to the idea that gender difference may legitimize the domination of one sex over the opposite sex. But women are more victims than men either in their workplace or in the community.
The place of women in society is the story of a long struggle for equality. Women feel inferior to men, despite some improvements. Feminist struggles are initially centered around the question of obtaining the right to vote. The voting right acquired, the struggles do not cease and concern the possibility of disposing of its body and on the equality in the society. Significant advances have been made, such as the right to abortion, but deep inequalities remain.
However, communitarianism is an ideology that refers to the fact that man is nothing without his beliefs, cultures etc. But it becomes dangerous when man idolizes a kind of ideal. Communitarianism aims to bring people who share the same religious or cultural ideas. As a result, he no longer has siblings and cohesion since one person indexes another or minimizes. As a result, there are attacks, ethnic wars and suicides. As a result, human life has become unimportant thing.
We can only be human if one does not act like animals and if one does not commit acts that appear to them.